Bleeding after brushing or flossing, or just at seemingly random times, can be an indication of unhealthy oral tissue. Many individuals think bleeding gingiva, your gums, is normal, especially after flossing their teeth. But it's typically a signal to change your dental hygiene routine and visit the dentist.

Irrespective of the cause, your bleeding gingiva are a warning sign that bigger issues are on the horizon. Learn how you can navigate around those issues.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

Possibly the most typical cause of bleeding gingiva is gum disease - called gingivitis in its early stages and periodontitis when it becomes advanced. Gum disease can cause the gingiva to bleed randomly during the day, while eating, after flossing or while brushing your teeth. 

Smoking cigarettes is another major contributor to bleeding gingiva, as it can inhibit the body’s immune system and contribute to the inflammation of the gums. Other causes are also associated with lifestyle choices, such as adhering to an unhealthy diet, but genetics and chronic illnesses can facilitate gum disease as well. 


Advanced Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. Left untreated, or inadequately treated, it will progress to periodontal disease, which does long-term and eventually irreversible damage without urgency and proper care. When gum disease advances to periodontitis, you may see plenty of other evidence of the problem beyond bleeding gums:

 

  • Tender or inflamed gingiva
  • Pus between the gingiva and tooth
  • Halitosis
  • Shifting or lose tooth
  • Receding gingiva
  • Sensitivity to cold and hot foods and drinks
  • Changes in the way tooth match together while biting

 

Takeaway

To get back on track after realizing you have gingivitis, it's essential to brush regularly and to use a toothbrush with soft bristles. Brushing your teeth after each meal is a must for everyone, but is especially critical to those with gum disease. 

Schedule a consultation to learn more about what you can do about bleeding gums in Sterling VA. Get answers from a local dentist and set out on at treatment plan to help put bleeding gums behind you.